New Ramsar Sites Added In India Purpose Of Ramsar Sites List Of Ramsar How Many Ramsar Sites Are There In India

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Posted on 06-02-2022 by Admin

New Ramsar Sites Added In India Purpose Of Ramsar Sites List Of Ramsar How Many Ramsar Sites Are There In India

The Ramsar Treaty is an international treaty for the conservation and wise use of wetlands. It is named after the Iranian city of Ramsar, located on the Caspian Sea, where the treaty was signed on February 2, 1971. The 46 Ramsar sites in India include Chilka Lake in Odisha, Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan, Harike Lake in Punjab, Loktak Lake in Manipur and Wular Lake in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and management of wetlands. This international treaty was signed on 2 February 1971 in Ramsar, Iran. Hence it is known as Ramsar Convention / Ramsar Pact. This agreement came into effect from 21st December 1975. The Ramsar Treaty was signed in India on 1 February 1982. World Wetlands Day is observed every year on 2nd February.

List of Ramsar and How many Ramsar sites are there in India

1. Chilka Lake Odisha 1981
2. Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1981
3. Loktak Lake Manipur 1990
4. Wular Lake Jammu and Kashmir 1990
5. Harike Lake Punjab 1990
6. Sambhar Lake Rajasthan 1990
7. Kanjali Lake Punjab 2002
8. Ropar Wetland Punjab 2002
9. Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 2002
10. Deepor Beel Assam 2002
11. Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh 2002
12. Tso Moriri Lake Ladakh 2002
13. Ashtamudi Lake Kerala 2002
14. Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala 2002
15. Vembanad-Kol Wetland Kerala 2002
16. Bhoj Wetland Madhya Pradesh 2002
17. Bhitarkanika Mangrove Odisha 2002
18. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 2002
19. East Kolkata Wetlands West Bengal 2002
20. Chandertal Wetland Himachal Pradesh 2005
21. Renuka Wetland Himachal Pradesh 2005
22. Hokera Wetland / Hokersar Wetland Jammu and Kashmir 2005
23. Surinsar and Mansar Lake Jammu and Kashmir 2005
24. Rudrasagar Lake Tripura 2005
25. Upper Ganga River (Brajghat to Narora stretch) Uttar Pradesh 2005
26. Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 2012
27. Sundarbans Delta Region West Bengal 2019
28. Nandur Madhyameshwar Maharashtra 2019
29. Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2019
30. Keshopur Miani Community Reserve Punjab 2019
31. Beas Conservation Reserve Punjab 2019
32. Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary Punjab 2019
33. Sandi Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2019
34. Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2019
35. Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2019
36. Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2019
37. Sarsai Navar Lake Uttar Pradesh 2019
38. Asan Conservation Reserve Uttarakhand 2020
39. Kabar Tal Bihar 2020
40. Lonar Lake Maharashtra 2020
41. Sur Sarovar Lake / Keetham Lake Uttar Pradesh 2020
42. Tso Kar Wetland Area Ladakh 2020
43. Sultanpur National Park Haryana 2021
44. Bhidewas Wildlife Sanctuary Haryana 2021
45. Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary Gujarat 2021
46. ​​Wadhwana Wetland Area Gujarat 2021
47. Haiderpur Wetland Uttar Pradesh 2021
48. Khijadia Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 2022
49. Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2022
Four more sites of India added to Ramsar list
   Four more wetlands from India, two each from Haryana  and Gujarat,  have been recognized as wetlands of global importance under the Ramsar Convention
  These sites are Thol and Wadhwana from Gujarat, and Sultanpur and Bhindawas from Haryana
  Now, the number of Ramsar sites in India is 46 and the surface area covered by these sites is 1,083,322 hectares
  Haryana gets its first Ramsar sites, while Gujarat gets three more after Nalsarovar which was declared in 2012

= 1 Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary:

  It is the largest wetland in Haryana
  The sanctuary, a human-made freshwater wetland, was established as a Bird Sanctuary by the Government of India in 2009
  Over 250 bird species use the sanctuary throughout the year as a resting and roosting site
  The site supports more than ten globally threatened species including the endangered Egyptian Vulture, Steppe Eagle, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Black-bellied Tern

= 2 Sultanpur National Park

  Sultanpur National Park & Bird Sanctuary is located in the Gurgaon district of Haryana
  It supports more than 220 species of resident, winter migratory and local migratory waterbirds at critical stages of their life cycles
  More than ten of these are globally threatened, including the critically endangered sociable lapwing, and the endangered Egyptian Vulture, Saker Falcon, Pallas’s Fish Eagle and Black-bellied Tern

= 3 Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat:

 The Thol Lake Sanctuary is made up of a reservoir that was created in 1912
  The lake was declared a sanctuary in 1988
  It lies on the Central Asian Flyway and more than 320 bird species can be found here
  It supports more 30 threatened waterbird species, such as the critically endangered White-rumped Vulture and Sociable Lapwing , and the vulnerable Sarus Crane, Common Pochard and Lesser White-fronted Goose

= 4 Wadhvana Wetland, Gujarat:

  Wadhvana is a century-old tank, constructed by erstwhile King Gaikwad in 1909-10
  It is internationally important for its birdlife as it provides wintering ground to migratory waterbirds, including over 80 species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway
  They include some threatened or near-threatened species such as the endangered Pallas’s fish-Eagle, the vulnerable Common Pochard, and the near-threatened Dalmatian Pelican, Grey-headed Fish-eagle and Ferruginous Duck

=Ramsar Convention on Wetlands:

  The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance is the first modern treaty between nations aimed at conserving natural resources
  The signing of the Convention on Wetlands took place in 1971 at the Iranian town of Ramsar
  The aim of the Ramsar list is to develop and maintain an international network of wetlands which are important for the conservation of global biological diversity and for sustaining human life through the maintenance of their ecosystem components, processes and benefits

= Under the Ramsar Convention, Wetlands include:

  swamps, marshes, billabongs, lakes, salt marshes, mudflats, mangroves, coral reefs, fens, peat bogs, or bodies of water - whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary
  In designating a wetland as a Ramsar site, countries agree to establish and oversee a management framework aimed at conserving the wetland and ensuring its wise use

 = Benefits of wetlands:

It provides a wide range of important resources and ecosystem services such as food, water, fiber, groundwater recharge, water purification, flood moderation, erosion control, and climate regulation
  They are a major source of water and our main supply of fresh water comes from an array of wetlands which help soak rainfall and recharge groundwater
 Which Ramsar site is recently added?

How many Ramsar sites are there in India?

49 Ramsar Sites of India

Which is the largest wetland system in the world?


Which is the largest Ramsar site in India?

Answer: The Sundarbans Wetland located in West Bengal is the largest Ramsar site in India. It is spread over an area of ​​about 4230 square kilometres.


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